Why Competition Is Good for Kids (and How to Keep It That Way)
By Devan McGuinness, Republished from Parents.com, https://www.parents.com/kids/development/social/why-competition-is-good-for-kids-and-how-to-keep-it-that-way/
When done right, competition can help your children learn skills they'll use throughout their lives.
To some parents, "competition" is a dirty word. Not only does it place too much pressure on kids to be their best, they argue, but it can also cause unnecessary stress and leave children feeling disappointed if they don't measure up. To shield kids from disappointment, many well-meaning moms and dads either declare everyone a winner or avoid competitive situations altogether.
But is a shelf full of participation trophies really the answer? Not necessarily. Child development experts point out that a little healthy competition can be good for kids. Besides setting them up for wins and losses later in life—hey, they won't always land that big promotion—competitive activities help them develop important skills they'll use well into adulthood, like taking turns, developing empathy, and tenacity.
"Competition helps kids learn that it is not always the best or the brightest who are successful, but rather those that work hard and stick with it," says Timothy Gunn, Psy.D., a pediatric neuropsychologist, owner of Gunn Psychological Services, Inc., in Southern California, and a judge on Lifetime Network's Child Genius: Battle of the Brightest docu-series. What's more, he says, children who engage in competition "earn critical social skills through interacting with other children, while also learning the value of hard work and developing self-esteem and self-efficacy."
Another plus: It's a healthy setting for your child to learn how to be a team player. "Many cooperative games teach children to problem solve as a team and help them learn the lifelong skills of working for the common good of the group," says Ronda Klosterman, a physical education teacher at St. Joseph Elementary School in Long Beach, California.
The key is to ensure the atmosphere promotes constructive competition. That's not always something your children are able to pick up on or communicate with you, so take note of how they react to competitive situations.
If your children are involved in healthy competition, they may:
ask to participate in the activity again
be able to win and lose gracefully
learn new skills and want to better themselves
enjoy improved self esteem
If your children are involved in unhealthy competition, they may:
resist participation in the activity
fake an illness to avoid the activity
say outright they doesn't want to participate
show signs of depression, anxiety, difficulty sleeping, or loss of appetite—all red flags that warrant further discussion. "Most competitive children experience some anxiety before a big game (or test), but they should not be constantly worried to the extent that it is affecting other areas of their life," Dr. Gunn warns.
How to encourage healthy competition
Losing a nail biter of a game or falling short of winning top prize isn't easy for anyone, but you have the power to help your kids think positively about competition. For starters, it helps to define accomplishment not just as winning the activity, but as setting a goal for something they put their minds to and accomplish. Try to be there to support your kids through their challenges and regularly reinforce the message that it's okay to lose as long as they are putting forth and effort and learning from the experience, Dr. Gunn says. Modeling good behavior (read: no blaming the refs afterward) is also a powerful tool.
And never underestimate a change in perspective. "I believe that part of developing healthy competition is that children learn their most important competitor is their self," says Dr. Gunn. He had a chance to put his beliefs into practice when his 5-year-old son felt defeated after losing a cross-country running event. Rather than concentrating on his son being the slowest one on the team, Dr. Gunn shifted the focus to the child beating his last time.
"We taught him that we wanted him to not worry about how fast the other kids were running but to just race against the clock," he says. "We set times for him to complete certain distances, so his perspective changed from competing against the other kids to competing against his own performance. As a result, he went from experiencing failure to experiencing success, and has continued to enjoy cross-country practice—even though he is often the last child to finish."
Jamie Gelbart, Registered MFT Inern at Pacific MFT Network specializes in working with child athletes. Here is what she says about healthy competition:
Healthy competition can be good for children. It helps teach important skills for life and prepares children for the real world. Unhealthy competition encourages children to be better than someone else. The primary goal is to win. Healthy competition, on the other hand, is more intrapersonal. We focus on improving ourselves—beating our personal record or learning something new. Healthy competition: Focuses on effort, Motivates us to improve, Encourages teamwork, Builds a strong work ethic, Teaches the importance of preparation and time management, Teaches sportsmanship and humility, and Instills discipline.
When developing a healthy competition mindset, it is important for parents to remember:
Focus on effort and teamwork, avoid focus on winning
Help your child learn from failures and mistakes
Emphasize fun and positive experience
Allow your child to set his/her own goals
Be positive role models for behaviors
Avoid criticism or unwelcome suggestions for improvement
Jamie Gelbart Registered MFT Intern under the supervision of Tracy Bevington LMFT is a clinician at Pacific MFT Network. Here is what she has to say about herself: After a high school and college career as an elite athlete, Division I softball pitcher, I went on to obtain a BS in Journalism from California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo (2003), a Masters Degree in Kinesiology/Sports Management from California StateUniversity Long Beach (2006) and a Masters Degree in Clinical Psychology from Antioch University (2015). In my 10 years as the Director of Operations for the USC men’s and women’s tennis teams, we won 5 NCAA National Championships. I decided to combine my passions of athletics, performance, health, wellness, and exercise into working with people to help them achieve their best, and become a psychotherapist. I am passionate about incorporating all aspects of health and wellness into therapy, including exercise and nutrition roles on everyday happiness.My work experience includes children, teens, young adults, adults, and couples. I have success working with athletes, transitions to college, post college graduation, loss and grief, anxiety, depression, children of divorce, and couples and relationships. I enjoy working with people who want to learn to achieve their maximum, in whatever area of interest.
You can reach Jamie by phone or text at 424-254-9633 or email her here.
To find out more about Pacific MFT Network and the services we offer, please visit our website, www.pacificmft.com.
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